Bruer 2007

Current Status of Trial
Study Aim
Treatment Dementia
Study Design
Intervention type
Music Therapy//Control
Dosage and Duration
Music therapy once a week (45 minutes a session) for 8 weeks or a video presentation, the study used a cross-over design with one group offered the music therapy for a week and the other group offered the control activity for a week then a reversed order in the following week
Absolute Number of Participants
Health Status/Diagnosis
Dementia//Cognitively Impaied Patients//Bipolar Disorder//Schizophrenia
Main Diagnostic Criteria
Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE)//Hearing function
Co-morbid Health Condition/Other Participant Characteristics
17 participants with dementia diagnosis//Two participants with schizophrenia
Country or Countries of Recruitment
United States (USA)
Unit of Allocation and/or Setting
Hospital based study
Study start date
Primary outcomes
Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE)
Key Points
Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) scores improved by 1.46 between baseline and testing immediately after the intervention in the music therapy group, while in the control group the MMSE decreased by 0.61 point