Franco 2020 / NCT02603523

Study ID(s) and Acronym(s)
NCT02603523
Current Status of Trial
Completed
Study Aim
Cognitive Enhancement (healthy)
Study Design
RCT
Blinding
No blinding
Intervention type
Non-pharmacological
Intervention
Dance + Education // Education alone
Dosage and Duration
Eighty-two community-dwelling older people aged 60 years or over and cognitively intact were recruited in Brazil. Intervention. Participants were randomly allocated to 2 groups: Dance plus education (intervention group) and education alone (control group). The Senior Dance program consisted of 12 weeks of twice-weekly group-based dance classes. Participants in both groups attended a single 1-hour educational session on prevention of falls.
Absolute Number of Participants
83
Unit of Allocation and/or Setting
Community dwelling
Primary outcomes
Single-leg stance with eyes closed
Other outcomes
Timed sit-to-stand test // Standing balance test // Timed 4-m walk // Cognitive function tests
Key Points
"Of the 82 participants randomized, 71 (87%) completed the 12-week follow-up. Single-leg stance with eyes closed (primary outcome) improved in the Senior Dance group (mean difference [MD] = 2.3 seconds, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1 to 3.6) compared with the control group at follow-up. Senior Dance group performed better in the standing balance tests (MD = 3.7 seconds, 95% CI = 0.6 to 6.8) and were faster in the sit-to-stand test (MD = - 3.1 seconds, 95% CI = -4.8 to -1.4) and 4-m walk test (MD = -0.6 seconds, 95% CI = -1.0 to -0.1). There were no significant between-group differences for cognitive function tests. Limitations. Participants and therapists were not blinded. Conclusion. Senior Dance was effective in improving balance and mobility but not cognitive function in community-dwelling older people." Franco 2020