Han 2010

Current Status of Trial
Completed
Study Aim
Treatment Dementia
Study Design
Open-label
Blinding
No blinding
Intervention type
Non-pharmacological
Intervention
Structured music therapy and activities program (MAP)//No intervention
Dosage and Duration
6 hours of MAP once per week for 8 weeks.
Absolute Number of Participants
45
Health Status/Diagnosis
Alzheimer Disease (AD)//Vascular dementia
Main Diagnostic Criteria
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV (DSM-IV)//Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)//Functional Assessment Staging Tool
Co-morbid Health Condition/Other Participant Characteristics
Reliable caregiver who spends at least 4h per day with subject
Country or Countries of Recruitment
Singapore
Unit of Allocation and/or Setting
Community Setting
Results publication date
January 2011
Primary outcomes
Revised Memory and Behavioral Problems Checklist (RMBPC) completed by caregiver; Apparent Emotion Scale (AES) with responses elicited from caregiver
Key Points
RMBPC scores improved significantly in the intervention group but worsened in the control group. Improvement was due primarily to improvement in the depression subscale of RMBPC. There was a non-significant trend toward improvement in AES scores in the intervention group. The authors point out the weaknesses of the study: small sample size; lack of randomization; recruitment only included caregivers willing to participate which may have introduced bias. Despite these Han (2011) conclude the "the results suggest that a weekly MAP can ameliorate behavioral and depressive symptoms in persons with dementia".