Hsu 2015 / NCT01744600

Study ID(s) and Acronym(s)
Current Status of Trial
Study Aim
Treatment Dementia
Study Design
No blinding
Intervention type
Music Therapy//Standard Care
Dosage and Duration
Active music therapy once a week, in addition to standard care, for a period of 5 months. Each 30-minute session was conducted by one music therapist in a quiet room on the unit, and was video-recorded. After each session, two video clips were presented to the care staff participants in the intervention group unit, in order to communicate elements of music therapy to carers. The control group received standard care only for 5 months.
Absolute Number of Participants
17 residents, 10 staff from two care homes
Health Status/Diagnosis
Dementia//Care staff
Co-morbid Health Condition/Other Participant Characteristics
Participants with dementia: Display at least two neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia//Aged 40 years and older//Care staff: Have at least 3 months’ experience of working with the resident participants
Country or Countries of Recruitment
United Kingdom (UK)
Unit of Allocation and/or Setting
Long Term Care Setting
Study start date
February 2013
Study completion date
Primary completion date: December 2014
Results publication date
July 2015
Primary outcomes
Neuropsychiatric symptoms by Neuropsychiatric Inventory for Nursing Homes (NPI-NH)
Other outcomes
Residents’ well-being and the quality of care delivered by staff by Dementia Care Mapping (DCM); Staff perceptions of music therapy by Grounded theory-based interviews; Microanalysis of video recordings of sessions
Key Points
According to Hsu 2015, "the music therapy programme appeared to be a practicable and acceptable intervention for care home residents and staff in managing dementia symptoms. Recruitment and retention data indicated feasibility but also challenges. Preliminary outcomes indicated differences in symptoms (13.42, 95 % CI: [4.78 to 22.07; p = 0.006]) and in levels of wellbeing (−0.74, 95 % CI: [−1.15 to −0.33; p = 0.003]) between the two groups, indicating that residents receiving music therapy improved. Staff in the intervention group reported enhanced caregiving techniques as a result of the programme."