Raglio 2015

Current Status of Trial
Completed
Study Aim
Treatment Dementia
Study Design
RCT
Blinding
Unclear
Intervention type
Non-pharmacological
Intervention
Active Music Therapy//Individualized Listening to Music//Standard Care
Dosage and Duration
All groups received standard care (SC). Two groups attended 20 individualized MT (active music therapy) or LtM (Individualized listening to music) sessions, twice a week, in addition to SC
Absolute Number of Participants
120
Health Status/Diagnosis
Dementia
Co-morbid Health Condition/Other Participant Characteristics
Moderate to severe dementia//Have behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs)
Country or Countries of Recruitment
Italy
Unit of Allocation and/or Setting
Long Term Care Setting
Results publication date
August 2015
Primary outcomes
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) by Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI); Depression by Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia(CSDD); Quality of life by Cornell-Brown Scale for Quality of Life in Dementia (CBS-QoL); Music therapy (MT) by Music Therapy Check List-Dementia
Key Points
According to Raglio 2015, "behavioral assessment did not show significant differences between groups. All groups showed a reduction over time in NPI global score (P </= .001), CSDD (P = .001), and CBS-QoL (P = .01). The NPI global score fell 28% in the MT group, 12% in the LtM group, and 21% in the SC group at the end of treatment. An exploratory post hoc analysis showed similar within-group improvements for the NPI Delusion, Anxiety, and Disinhibition subscales. In the MT group, communication and relationships between the music therapists and PWDs showed a positive albeit nonsignificant trend during treatment." The authors concluded that "behavioral assessment did not show significant differences between groups. All groups showed a reduction over time in NPI global score (P </= .001), CSDD (P = .001), and CBS-QoL (P = .01). The NPI global score fell 28% in the MT group, 12% in the LtM group, and 21% in the SC group at the end of treatment. An exploratory post hoc analysis showed similar within-group improvements for the NPI Delusion, Anxiety, and Disinhibition subscales. In the MT group, communication and relationships between the music therapists and PWDs showed a positive albeit nonsignificant trend during treatment." Record information taken from the abstract.