Van de Winckel 2004

Current Status of Trial
Study Aim
Treatment Dementia
Study Design
Intervention type
Music-based Exercise//Conversation
Dosage and Duration
30 minutes per session for 3 months.
Absolute Number of Participants
Health Status/Diagnosis
Alzheimer Disease (AD)//Multiple Infarct Dementia
Main Diagnostic Criteria
Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)//NINCDS-ADRDA
Co-morbid Health Condition/Other Participant Characteristics
Moderate to severe dementia//Women
Country or Countries of Recruitment
Unit of Allocation and/or Setting
Long Term Care Setting
Results publication date
March 2004
Primary outcomes
Cognitive Function by MMSE Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test 6 (ADS 6); Behaviour by Beoordelingsschaal voor Oudere PatieÈnten (BOP)/Evaluation Scale for Elderly Patients
Key Points
.'..daily music-based dance sessions for three months led to significantly higher scores on the total MMSE score in patients with dementia'. '...the mean MMSE scores for the control group displayed no significant differences over time'.'The Friedman analysis on the ADS 6 test revealed a significant improvement over time for the subset `fluency’ in the experimental group'.'No items in the BOP scale showed significant differences over time in the experimental group. In the control group, however, a significant change was found for the subset `need of help’ '. 'The study did not evaluate the long-term effect of the cognitive improvement in a follow-up. Also the
randomization and evaluation procedures were not ideal'. It also has small sample size.
Study log
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Included Cochrane Study